How safe is the Hib vaccine?
The Hib vaccine is very safe, and it is effective at preventing Hib. Vaccines, like any medicine, can have side effects. Most people who get Hib vaccine do not have any problems with it. When these side effects happen, they usually start within a day of vaccination and last up to 3 days.
What is the mortality rate of Hib?
The case-fatality rate of Hib meningitis is about 5%. Severe neurologic sequelae occur in 10% to 15% and deafness in 15% to 20% of survivors.
What are the main side effects associated with the Hib vaccine?
Hib/MenC vaccine side effects
- pain, redness or swelling at the site of the injection.
- a high temperature.
- loss of appetite.
Should my baby get Hib vaccine?
CDC recommends Hib vaccines for all young children and certain other people. CDC recommends Hib vaccination for all children younger than 5 years old. Children need multiple (3 or 4) shots of a Hib vaccine.
Is Hib vaccine a live virus?
FDA categorizes Hib vaccine as a polysaccharide conjugate vaccine, which is a type of inactivated bacterial vaccine.
Why is Hib vaccine recommended?
Why get vaccinated? Hib vaccine can prevent Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease. Haemophilus influenzae type b can cause many different kinds of infections. These infections usually affect children under 5 years of age but can also affect adults with certain medical conditions.
How common is Hib in USA?
While the rate of invasive H. influenzae infections increased from 1.23 per 100,000 population in 1997 to 2.08 per 100,000 population in 2018 in the surveillance areas, the rate of Hib infections decreased from 0.1 per 100,000 population in 1997 to 0.02 per 100,000 population in 2018.
How common is Hib disease in the world?
The World Health Organization estimates that Hib causes three million episodes of serious disease and 400 000 deaths annually worldwide. Most cases are among unimmunised children and in economically developing countries.
How common is Hib baby?
Before widespread vaccination, significant disease occurred in as many as 130 out of 100,000 kids. That rate is now less than 1 out of 100,000 children. The type b strain caused many cases of infection of the membranes that surround the brain (meningitis).
How many Hib cases are there in 2020?
The Hib incidence was especially high in the Bible Belt in 2020 (1.45/100,000; Figure 5) but the incidence outside the Bible Belt was also higher in 2020 and 2021 (0.35 and 0.32/100,000, respectively, compared with 0.17 and 0.27/100,000 in 2015–2019).
Who should not get Hib vaccine?
Some people should not get the Hib vaccine, including: Infants younger than 6 weeks. People who have had a life-threatening allergic reaction to the Hib vaccine in the past. People who have a serious allergy to any ingredient in the vaccine.
Is Hib still common?
In the United States, Hib disease is not common. It occurs primarily in underimmunized children and in infants too young to have completed the primary vaccination series. Nontypeable H.