In some occasions, you will have to write an essay in the extremely short amount of time on the exam in college or high school. Also, you may be a little bit of a procrastinator, and find yourself in a situation when the paper is due tomorrow morning, and you have not even chosen the topic yet. Even though a last-minute essay cannot look as great as a work prepared successively and carefully within the whole time given, you still have a chance to submit a decent paper. The working process will require your full attention and a lot of effort, even if you are assigned a simple essay. However, if you learn the next few tips, the essay writing will seem significantly easier and feasible even when you are short on time.

Firstly, clean up your working space to get started. Make sure you have everything you need on the table, take a pen, a few sticky notes, your laptop, and read through the assignment requirements. In case no prompt is given, search for good essay topics, and pick a few uncommon and interesting ones you will be able to write about. Making a final choice, think which topic is the most relevant to your current studies and will not take too much to research.

Afterwards, look for the most trustworthy sources or the ones you are certainly allowed to use. If you are not sure, access the online library or any free services where you can look for the books and articles for your essay. Use sticky notes to write down the information and put them in front of you to see how much data has been gathered and if you need to continue researching. Reread these notes from time to time and cross out the info you do not find relevant anymore.

When you have the data you need to produce a quality work, it is crucial to think about the structure of the future paper. If you are not sure how to write an essay outline properly, check what your essay type is first. Each type is organized differently, so you need to look up the structure every time you are given an essay homework. You can also search for an example of the essay on your topic, and adhere to its outline. No matter what kind of essay you are going to write, it is important to start with a thesis statement. It should declare what problem you will review in the paper, and which facts or arguments you will use to do it professionally. As these arguments will be discussed in the main part of the essay, outline the body paragraphs and put down a few sentences with the rough description of each paragraph. Think of the way you will engage the reader in the introduction, and which thought will be conclusive for the paper. When the direction of the work is clear from the outline, use it to draft the first version of the essay.

If you are not used to model essay writing, do not worry - your draft should not necessarily look like a masterpiece. It is only the depiction of your thoughts, and as you will have them written down, it will be easier to create a good essay. There is no best way to write an essay, so trust the working methods you usually use. You may like taking short breaks once in a few minutes, or write everything in one sit - just make sure to keep the focus on writing and avoid the urge to call a friend or watch something online. Thus, you will finish the paper faster, and will not feel guilty for engaging in other activities afterwards.

Do not forget to go through the essay a few times after the completion. Everyone makes typos and mistakes by accident, but it is about you to find and fix them before your teacher does. If you need help with an essay editing, try asking a friend or a family member to read and analyze your work. Also, you can order editing services in case your paper needs to be perfectly polished so that you can submit an ideal essay and get an excellent grade.

As these steps are simple to follow, you will not have any problems coping with an essay on time. Try the whole procedure at least once, and you will not have to use any other tips preparing an essay paper during your studies!

What does a XRD pattern indicate?

XRD patterns provide information on the particle size and defects, while the peak relative intensities provide insight into the atomic distribution in the unit cell. For the correct interpretation of powder diffractograms, a good peak-to-background ratio is an important issue.

How does crystal structure determine XRD pattern?

XRD techniques are based on the elastic scattering of X-rays from structures that have long range order. The X-rays get diffracted by a crystal because the wavelength of X-rays is similar to the inter-atomic spacing in the crystals.

What do the peaks in XRD mean?

Peak intensity tells about the position of atoms within a lattice structure. and peak width tells about crystallite size and lattice strain.

Why is XRD 2 theta?

The angle formed between the x-ray source and the detector is 2θ. This configuration is most convenient for loose powders. Thus the 2 θ is the angle between transmitted beam and reflected beam.

What is the difference between XRD pattern of amorphous and crystalline material?

The best way to differentiate between amorphous and crystalline materials is to measure XRD patterns. Crystalline material always exhibit sharp diffraction peaks while amorphous does not.

How do you identify phases in XRD?

The measured diffraction peak positions and intensities are like a fingerprint of a particular crystalline phase. Identification is accomplished by comparison of the measured pattern with the entries in reference databases using a search-match algorithm. This is also known as qualitative phase analysis.

Why some peaks have higher intensity in XRD pattern?

Intensity is proportional to the number of scatterers per unit area of a given atomic plane and therefore the peak intensities in an XRD experiment will vary. Usually, with increasing plane indices (higher angles in the pattern), the intensity of the peak goes down.

Why we get different peaks in XRD?

Is angle 2 theta diffraction?

Only those crystallites whose bragg planes are at an angle θ with respect to the incident angle will diffract at an angle 2θ with respect to the incident beam (or at an angle θ with respect to the diffracting planes). So that is the reason, you always use 2θ instead of θ.

What is Theta value XRD?

θ is the angle between incident beam and the crystallographic reflecting plane. It is also equal to the angle between reflected beam and the crystallographic plane. 2 θ is the angle between transmitted beam and reflected beam.

How do you know if amorphous or crystalline in XRD?

How can XRD spectrum differentiate between crystalline and amorphous solids?

Crystalline phase exhibit sharp distinct peaks corresponding to fixed 2theta values which are representative of the concerned phase. Conversely, Amorphous phase being of short order shows hump in XRD [broad range]. Crystaline material containing amorphous impurity could be easily identified using Xray.