In some occasions, you will have to write an essay in the extremely short amount of time on the exam in college or high school. Also, you may be a little bit of a procrastinator, and find yourself in a situation when the paper is due tomorrow morning, and you have not even chosen the topic yet. Even though a last-minute essay cannot look as great as a work prepared successively and carefully within the whole time given, you still have a chance to submit a decent paper. The working process will require your full attention and a lot of effort, even if you are assigned a simple essay. However, if you learn the next few tips, the essay writing will seem significantly easier and feasible even when you are short on time.

Firstly, clean up your working space to get started. Make sure you have everything you need on the table, take a pen, a few sticky notes, your laptop, and read through the assignment requirements. In case no prompt is given, search for good essay topics, and pick a few uncommon and interesting ones you will be able to write about. Making a final choice, think which topic is the most relevant to your current studies and will not take too much to research.

Afterwards, look for the most trustworthy sources or the ones you are certainly allowed to use. If you are not sure, access the online library or any free services where you can look for the books and articles for your essay. Use sticky notes to write down the information and put them in front of you to see how much data has been gathered and if you need to continue researching. Reread these notes from time to time and cross out the info you do not find relevant anymore.

When you have the data you need to produce a quality work, it is crucial to think about the structure of the future paper. If you are not sure how to write an essay outline properly, check what your essay type is first. Each type is organized differently, so you need to look up the structure every time you are given an essay homework. You can also search for an example of the essay on your topic, and adhere to its outline. No matter what kind of essay you are going to write, it is important to start with a thesis statement. It should declare what problem you will review in the paper, and which facts or arguments you will use to do it professionally. As these arguments will be discussed in the main part of the essay, outline the body paragraphs and put down a few sentences with the rough description of each paragraph. Think of the way you will engage the reader in the introduction, and which thought will be conclusive for the paper. When the direction of the work is clear from the outline, use it to draft the first version of the essay.

If you are not used to model essay writing, do not worry - your draft should not necessarily look like a masterpiece. It is only the depiction of your thoughts, and as you will have them written down, it will be easier to create a good essay. There is no best way to write an essay, so trust the working methods you usually use. You may like taking short breaks once in a few minutes, or write everything in one sit - just make sure to keep the focus on writing and avoid the urge to call a friend or watch something online. Thus, you will finish the paper faster, and will not feel guilty for engaging in other activities afterwards.

Do not forget to go through the essay a few times after the completion. Everyone makes typos and mistakes by accident, but it is about you to find and fix them before your teacher does. If you need help with an essay editing, try asking a friend or a family member to read and analyze your work. Also, you can order editing services in case your paper needs to be perfectly polished so that you can submit an ideal essay and get an excellent grade.

As these steps are simple to follow, you will not have any problems coping with an essay on time. Try the whole procedure at least once, and you will not have to use any other tips preparing an essay paper during your studies!

What is a common risk factor for endothelial injury?

Traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and tobacco toxins are associated with endothelial dysfunction. Regional mechanical influences on endothelial cell biology also play an important part in the location and evolution of atherosclerotic plaque.

What causes damage to the endothelial lining?

[81,82] Studies have shown that various factors can lead to damage of the endothelium,[83] including inflammatory reactions, physical stimulation, chemical poisons, concurrency of related diseases, aging, and a deficiency of Vitamin D.

What causes endothelial injury in atherosclerosis?

Oxidative stress has been shown to contribute to endothelial dysfunction and the development of atherosclerosis. The use of antioxidant supplementation to improve endothelial function has support from some studies.

What are the signs of endothelial dysfunction?


  • Chest pain, squeezing or discomfort (angina), which may get worse with activity or emotional stress.
  • Discomfort in the left arm, jaw, neck, back or abdomen along with chest pain.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Tiredness and lack of energy.

What is endothelial cell damage?

Endothelial dysfunction is a type of non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in which there are no heart artery blockages, but the large blood vessels on the heart’s surface constrict (narrow) instead of dilating (opening). This condition tends to affect more women than men and causes chronic chest pain.

What happens when endothelial cells are injured?

Endothelial cells exposed to inflammatory stimuli from the circulation or the microenvironment exhibit impaired vascular tone, increased permeability, elevated procoagulant activity, and dysregulated vascular formation, collectively contributing to the development of vascular diseases.

What is endothelial cell injury?

Injury to the vascular endothelium is a critical event in acute inflammatory disease processes. In acute inflammation, endothelial cell injury is frequently mediated by activated neutrophils. The process by which activated neutrophils produce endothelial cell damage is complex.

How can endothelial damage be prevented?

Conclusions— Experimental inflammation produces endothelial dysfunction, which can be prevented by pretreatment with aspirin. Locally administered aspirin does not reverse vaccine-induced endothelial dysfunction once established.

How do you test for endothelial damage?

Peripheral Circulation Brachial artery ultrasound is a widely used, noninvasive measure of endothelial cell function. The forearm blood flow is occluded for 5 minutes using a blood pressure cuff maintained at a standard pressure. When the pressure is released, reactive hyperemia occurs.

How does hypertension cause endothelial injury?

Several possible mechanisms by which advanced aging and hypertension impair endothelial function have been postulated. An imbalance of reduced production of nitric oxide (NO) or increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mainly superoxide, may promote endothelial dysfunction.