What is immigration and refugee law in Zambia?
The Immigration and Deportation Act of 2010 (replacing the original Act of 1965) regulates all migration matters, such as provisions for persons entering and leaving Zambia, immigration and residence permits, visas, border controls, and prohibitions on human trafficking. In 2017 the Refugee Act was promulgated.
What is a refugee policy?
Under U.S. law, a “refugee” is a person who is unable or unwilling to return to his or her home country because of a “well-founded fear of persecution” due to race, membership in a particular social group, political opinion, religion, or national origin.
What are 3 rights that refugees are entitled to?
Those rights in the UN Refugee Convention essentially highlight that refugees who are fleeing to a different country should have freedom to work, freedom to move, freedom to access education, and basic other freedoms that would allow them to live their lives normally, just like you and me.
Can a refugee become a citizen in Zambia?
However, as UNHCR points out, Zambian law does not view refugees as “ordinary residents” in the country, therefore significantly limiting their access to naturalisation procedures. Further, refugee children are not granted citizenship by birth but must assume the nationality of their parents.
Can a refugee work in Zambia?
Notwithstanding this fact, refugees in urban areas are technically considered as foreigners. Section 19 subsections (1), (2) and (3) provides that foreigners need to obtain a permit to engage in any gainful employment, prescribed trade, business or other occupation and to study at an educational institution.
What is migration and refugee law?
the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), in 2004: “If persons are defined as migrants by virtue of the fact that they move from. their own country to another, regardless of the reasons and their needs, then. refugees are migrants.
What are the 6 types of refugees?
Therefore, six categories of refugees and displaced persons were discerned: I) anticipating refugees/displacees; II) semi- -refugees/displacees; III) impelled refugees/displacees; IV) refugees/dis- placees of war; v) expellees; VI) ex-camp inmates refugees/displacees.
What is a migration policy?
A recent definition describes migration policies as: “… a government’s statements of what it intends to do or not do (including laws, regulations, decisions or orders) in regards to the selection, admission, settlement and deportation of foreign citizens residing in the country” (Bjerre et al ., 2015).
What protection is given to refugees?
By going through status determination processes and potentially being recognized as a refugee, individuals are legally protected by being granted legal documents that are issued from their country of asylum and are valid for a certain period of time, usually not less that one year at a time.
What protection do refugees have?
Laws for migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers They have the same rights as everyone else, plus special or specific protections including: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 14), which states that everyone has the right to seek and enjoy asylum from persecution in other countries.
How long can foreigners stay in Zambia?
A Visiting Permit is issued to an ordinary visitor who wishes to remain in Zambia for a period in excess of ninety (90) days. This permit is valid for three (03) months and cannot be extended beyond nine (09) months within a period of twelve (12) months.
How many refugees are in Zambia?
Zambia hosts over 100,000 refugees, asylum-seekers and others of concern. The majority of people of concern are refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo and wider Great Lakes region as well as Angolan and Rwandan former refugees.