Who is Braj Kachru and what is significant contribution did he give about the English language?
|Occupation||Linguist, author, journalist|
|Language||Kashmiri, Hindi, English|
|Notable works||The Alchemy of English (1986)|
What is Braj Kachru World Englishes model?
The most influential model of the spread of English is Braj Kachru’s model of World Englishes. In this model the diffusion of English is captured in terms of three Concentric Circles of the language: The Inner Circle, the Outer Circle, and the Expanding Circle.
What are the three categories of the speakers of English according to Braj Katchru?
In his 1985 paper, Kachru classified Englishes using the now famous “three circles” model. These were concentric circles and he called them the inner, outer and expanding circles. The inner circle countries were those in which English was traditionally the first language of the majority of the speakers.
Who developed the idea of three concentric circles of English?
This paper attempts to examine in a descriptive way the pioneering model of “World Englishes” proposed by Kachru in the mid-1980s that allocates the presence of English into three concentric circles: The Inner Circle, the Outer Circle, and the Expanding Circle.
What are the advantages of Kachru model?
The advantages of this model over the ENL/ESL/EFL one are, first of all it makes English plural so that one English becomes many Englishes. Second, the model does not suggest that one variety is any better, linguistically speaking, than any other.
What are the three concentric circles as introduced by Braj Kachru?
This model is comprised of three concentric circles, which he labelled: the inner circle, the outer circle and the expanding circle. The inner circle is comprised of those countries who are considered the ‘traditional bases’ of English, such as the U.K., U.S.A, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland and anglophone Canada.
What are the three concentric circles as introduced by Braj Kachru describe each?
What is the name of the model made by Kachru 1985 )?
The Three-circle Model of World Englishes was developed by Kachru in 1985 and it remains one of the most influential models for grouping the varieties of English in the world (Mollin, 2006, p. 41).
What is the Kachru circle?
Kachru (1985) described the spread of English in terms of three concentric circles: the Inner Circle, the Outer Circle and the Expanding Circle. These circles represent “the type of spread, the patterns of acquisition and the functional domains in which English is used across cultures and languages” (Kachru, 1985, p.
What is the 3 concentric circle of English language?
The Three Concentric Circles Model represents the spread of the English language in terms of three concentric circles: the Inner Circle, the Outer Circle and the Expanding Circle (Kachru, 1985).
What is inner circle according to Kachru?
Kachru describes the inner circle as “the traditional bases of English, dominated by the ‘mother tongue’ varieties of the language.”
Which of the Kachru circles does the Philippine English belong?
outer circle of WEs
Like other languages, PhE has its own varieties. Martin (2014 ) posits that circles of English in the Philippines exist within Kachru’s (1985 ) outer circle of WEs.