In some occasions, you will have to write an essay in the extremely short amount of time on the exam in college or high school. Also, you may be a little bit of a procrastinator, and find yourself in a situation when the paper is due tomorrow morning, and you have not even chosen the topic yet. Even though a last-minute essay cannot look as great as a work prepared successively and carefully within the whole time given, you still have a chance to submit a decent paper. The working process will require your full attention and a lot of effort, even if you are assigned a simple essay. However, if you learn the next few tips, the essay writing will seem significantly easier and feasible even when you are short on time.

Firstly, clean up your working space to get started. Make sure you have everything you need on the table, take a pen, a few sticky notes, your laptop, and read through the assignment requirements. In case no prompt is given, search for good essay topics, and pick a few uncommon and interesting ones you will be able to write about. Making a final choice, think which topic is the most relevant to your current studies and will not take too much to research.

Afterwards, look for the most trustworthy sources or the ones you are certainly allowed to use. If you are not sure, access the online library or any free services where you can look for the books and articles for your essay. Use sticky notes to write down the information and put them in front of you to see how much data has been gathered and if you need to continue researching. Reread these notes from time to time and cross out the info you do not find relevant anymore.

When you have the data you need to produce a quality work, it is crucial to think about the structure of the future paper. If you are not sure how to write an essay outline properly, check what your essay type is first. Each type is organized differently, so you need to look up the structure every time you are given an essay homework. You can also search for an example of the essay on your topic, and adhere to its outline. No matter what kind of essay you are going to write, it is important to start with a thesis statement. It should declare what problem you will review in the paper, and which facts or arguments you will use to do it professionally. As these arguments will be discussed in the main part of the essay, outline the body paragraphs and put down a few sentences with the rough description of each paragraph. Think of the way you will engage the reader in the introduction, and which thought will be conclusive for the paper. When the direction of the work is clear from the outline, use it to draft the first version of the essay.

If you are not used to model essay writing, do not worry - your draft should not necessarily look like a masterpiece. It is only the depiction of your thoughts, and as you will have them written down, it will be easier to create a good essay. There is no best way to write an essay, so trust the working methods you usually use. You may like taking short breaks once in a few minutes, or write everything in one sit - just make sure to keep the focus on writing and avoid the urge to call a friend or watch something online. Thus, you will finish the paper faster, and will not feel guilty for engaging in other activities afterwards.

Do not forget to go through the essay a few times after the completion. Everyone makes typos and mistakes by accident, but it is about you to find and fix them before your teacher does. If you need help with an essay editing, try asking a friend or a family member to read and analyze your work. Also, you can order editing services in case your paper needs to be perfectly polished so that you can submit an ideal essay and get an excellent grade.

As these steps are simple to follow, you will not have any problems coping with an essay on time. Try the whole procedure at least once, and you will not have to use any other tips preparing an essay paper during your studies!

How do you test for drug-excipient compatibility studies?

Infrared (IR), near-infrared (NIR) and Raman spectroscopy are the most commonly used non-thermal techniques for the screening of drug-excipient compatibility. These techniques provide a unique fingerprint to the API and the excipients based on their physical and chemical attributes.

What is API excipient compatibility?

Preformulation is a crucial phase in drug development in which the physicochemical profiling of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and excipients is determined and prototype formulations made.

How do you choose excipients for formulation?

Excipients can be selected according to the characteristics of the dosage form and the needs of the route of drug administration. The excipients used should not have an adverse interaction with the main drug, and should not affect the content determination of the preparation and the inspection of related substances.

What is an example of an excipient?

Examples include gelatin, cellulose, cellulose derivatives, polyvinylpyrrolidone, starch, sucrose and polyethylene glycol.

What are the types of incompatibilities?

The types are: 1. Therapeutic (Pharmacological) Incompatibility 2. Chemical Incompatibility 3. Physical Incompatibility.

What is the significance of studying drug excipient interaction in Preformulation?

Study of drug-excipient compatibility is an important phase in the pre-formulation stage of drug development. The potential interactions between drugs and excipients have effects on the chemical, physical, bioavailability and stability of the dosage form.

What is the full form of IST which is used in drug excipient interaction studies?

Isothermal stress testing (IST) The conditions used in IST provide an environment that accelerates the drug/excipients reactions.

What are the important considerations in the choice of excipients *?

In the selection of excipients, it is also important to consider potential interactions with charged drug substances. Such interactions can result in incomplete recovery of the drug from the formulation, which can lead to assay irregularities or, worse, reduce the bioavailability of the drug.

What are the importance of pharmaceutical excipients?

Pharmaceutical excipients are substances that are included in a pharmaceutical dosage form not for their direct therapeutic action, but to aid the manufacturing process, to protect, support or enhance stability, or for bioavailability or patient acceptability.

What are the types of excipients?

On the basis of their functions, excipients can be categorized as binders, cosolvents, fillers, disintegrates, lubricants, surfactants, emulsifying agents, suspending agents, antimicrobials, preservatives, etc. (Table 12.1).

What is the purpose of excipient?

Generally, an excipient has no medicinal properties. Its standard purpose is to streamline the manufacture of the drug product and ultimately facilitate physiological absorption of the drug. Excipients might aid in lubricity, flowability, disintegration, taste and may confer some form of antimicrobial function.

What are the three major types of incompatibilities?