In some occasions, you will have to write an essay in the extremely short amount of time on the exam in college or high school. Also, you may be a little bit of a procrastinator, and find yourself in a situation when the paper is due tomorrow morning, and you have not even chosen the topic yet. Even though a last-minute essay cannot look as great as a work prepared successively and carefully within the whole time given, you still have a chance to submit a decent paper. The working process will require your full attention and a lot of effort, even if you are assigned a simple essay. However, if you learn the next few tips, the essay writing will seem significantly easier and feasible even when you are short on time.

Firstly, clean up your working space to get started. Make sure you have everything you need on the table, take a pen, a few sticky notes, your laptop, and read through the assignment requirements. In case no prompt is given, search for good essay topics, and pick a few uncommon and interesting ones you will be able to write about. Making a final choice, think which topic is the most relevant to your current studies and will not take too much to research.

Afterwards, look for the most trustworthy sources or the ones you are certainly allowed to use. If you are not sure, access the online library or any free services where you can look for the books and articles for your essay. Use sticky notes to write down the information and put them in front of you to see how much data has been gathered and if you need to continue researching. Reread these notes from time to time and cross out the info you do not find relevant anymore.

When you have the data you need to produce a quality work, it is crucial to think about the structure of the future paper. If you are not sure how to write an essay outline properly, check what your essay type is first. Each type is organized differently, so you need to look up the structure every time you are given an essay homework. You can also search for an example of the essay on your topic, and adhere to its outline. No matter what kind of essay you are going to write, it is important to start with a thesis statement. It should declare what problem you will review in the paper, and which facts or arguments you will use to do it professionally. As these arguments will be discussed in the main part of the essay, outline the body paragraphs and put down a few sentences with the rough description of each paragraph. Think of the way you will engage the reader in the introduction, and which thought will be conclusive for the paper. When the direction of the work is clear from the outline, use it to draft the first version of the essay.

If you are not used to model essay writing, do not worry - your draft should not necessarily look like a masterpiece. It is only the depiction of your thoughts, and as you will have them written down, it will be easier to create a good essay. There is no best way to write an essay, so trust the working methods you usually use. You may like taking short breaks once in a few minutes, or write everything in one sit - just make sure to keep the focus on writing and avoid the urge to call a friend or watch something online. Thus, you will finish the paper faster, and will not feel guilty for engaging in other activities afterwards.

Do not forget to go through the essay a few times after the completion. Everyone makes typos and mistakes by accident, but it is about you to find and fix them before your teacher does. If you need help with an essay editing, try asking a friend or a family member to read and analyze your work. Also, you can order editing services in case your paper needs to be perfectly polished so that you can submit an ideal essay and get an excellent grade.

As these steps are simple to follow, you will not have any problems coping with an essay on time. Try the whole procedure at least once, and you will not have to use any other tips preparing an essay paper during your studies!

Is CRP-cAMP an inducer?

The constitutive expression of the ptsG gene by the introduction of a multicopy plasmid restored the glucose effect in Δcya or Δcrp cells. We conclude that CRP–cAMP plays a crucial role in inducer exclusion, which is responsible for the glucose–lactose diauxie, by activating the expression of the ptsG gene.

What does CRP do in the lac operon?

Lactose, or IPTG, induces the lac operon expression by binding to the LacI repressor, and releasing it from the promoter sequence. At the same time, the expression of the lac operon requires the presence of the CRP-cAMP complex, which promotes the binding of the RNA polymerase to the promoter region.

Is cAMP an inducer in lac operon?

The lac repressor is released from the operator because the inducer (allolactose) is present. cAMP levels are high because glucose is absent, so CAP is active and bound to the DNA. CAP helps RNA polymerase bind to the promoter, permitting high levels of transcription.

Is CRP a repressor or activator?

1984; Kolb et al. 1993), can also function as an osmoregulator of gene expression. At the proP P1 promoter, CRP is functioning as an osmotically sensitive repressor, and at the lac promoter, CRP is functioning as an osmotically sensitive activator.

What does C reactive protein do?

The C-reactive protein (CRP) test is used to find inflammation in your body. Inflammation could be caused by different types of conditions, such as an infection or autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease. This test measures the amount of CRP in your blood.

What role does cAMP play in lactose metabolism?

cAMP receptor protein-cAMP plays a crucial role in glucose-lactose diauxie by activating the major glucose transporter gene in Escherichia coli. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.

What does cAMP bind to in the lac operon?

cAMP readily binds with CAP, and the CAP-cAMP complex binds DNA at a position upstream of the lac operon. The association between RNA polymerase and DNA is enhanced when the CAP-cAMP complex is present.

What is cAMP in lac operon?

Cyclic AMP (cAMP) positively regulates the lac operon by turning it on in the absence of glucose.

What does CRP-cAMP do?

cAMP receptor protein (CRP; also known as catabolite activator protein, CAP) is a regulatory protein in bacteria. CRP protein binds cAMP, which causes a conformational change that allows CRP to bind tightly to a specific DNA site in the promoters of the genes it controls.

How is C-reactive protein activated?

Abstract. C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute-phase serum protein and a mediator of innate immunity. CRP binds to microbial polysaccharides and to ligands exposed on damaged cells. Binding of CRP to these substrates activates the classical complement pathway leading to their uptake by phagocytic cells.

Why is it called C-reactive protein?

CRP was so named because it was first identified as a substance in the serum of patients with acute inflammation that reacted with the cell wall polysaccharide (C-polysaccharide) of pneumococcus.

What happens if C-reactive protein is high?

A high level of CRP in the blood can be a marker of inflammation. A wide variety of conditions can cause it, from an infection to cancer. High CRP levels can also indicate that there’s inflammation in the arteries of the heart, which can mean a higher risk of heart attack.

What is the mechanism of CRP-cAMP activation of the lac operon?

Mechanism of CRP-cAMP activation of lac operon transcription initiation activation of the P1 promoter CRP-cAMP was shown to activate transcription initiation at the Escherichia coli lac promoter in vitro as a result of two separate effects.

How does inducer exclusion affect lac operon expression?

More recently inducer exclusion was shown to block expression of the lac operon when glucose is present. Glucose is transported into the cell by the PEP-dependent phosphotransferase system.

What are the regulatory components of the lac operon?

Another regulatory component is the catabolite activator protein (CAP). CAP forms an active complex with intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), which accumulates in the absence of glucose (cAMP is a starvation signal). RNA polymerase binds to the lac promoter effectively only when the CAP-cAMP complex is also bound.

Why is the lac operon repressor recessive?

Mutations affecting repressor are said to be recessive to wild type (and that wild type is dominant ), and this is explained by the fact that repressor is a small protein which can diffuse in the cell. The copy of the lac operon adjacent to the defective lacI gene is effectively shut off by protein produced from the second copy of lacI .