In some occasions, you will have to write an essay in the extremely short amount of time on the exam in college or high school. Also, you may be a little bit of a procrastinator, and find yourself in a situation when the paper is due tomorrow morning, and you have not even chosen the topic yet. Even though a last-minute essay cannot look as great as a work prepared successively and carefully within the whole time given, you still have a chance to submit a decent paper. The working process will require your full attention and a lot of effort, even if you are assigned a simple essay. However, if you learn the next few tips, the essay writing will seem significantly easier and feasible even when you are short on time.

Firstly, clean up your working space to get started. Make sure you have everything you need on the table, take a pen, a few sticky notes, your laptop, and read through the assignment requirements. In case no prompt is given, search for good essay topics, and pick a few uncommon and interesting ones you will be able to write about. Making a final choice, think which topic is the most relevant to your current studies and will not take too much to research.

Afterwards, look for the most trustworthy sources or the ones you are certainly allowed to use. If you are not sure, access the online library or any free services where you can look for the books and articles for your essay. Use sticky notes to write down the information and put them in front of you to see how much data has been gathered and if you need to continue researching. Reread these notes from time to time and cross out the info you do not find relevant anymore.

When you have the data you need to produce a quality work, it is crucial to think about the structure of the future paper. If you are not sure how to write an essay outline properly, check what your essay type is first. Each type is organized differently, so you need to look up the structure every time you are given an essay homework. You can also search for an example of the essay on your topic, and adhere to its outline. No matter what kind of essay you are going to write, it is important to start with a thesis statement. It should declare what problem you will review in the paper, and which facts or arguments you will use to do it professionally. As these arguments will be discussed in the main part of the essay, outline the body paragraphs and put down a few sentences with the rough description of each paragraph. Think of the way you will engage the reader in the introduction, and which thought will be conclusive for the paper. When the direction of the work is clear from the outline, use it to draft the first version of the essay.

If you are not used to model essay writing, do not worry - your draft should not necessarily look like a masterpiece. It is only the depiction of your thoughts, and as you will have them written down, it will be easier to create a good essay. There is no best way to write an essay, so trust the working methods you usually use. You may like taking short breaks once in a few minutes, or write everything in one sit - just make sure to keep the focus on writing and avoid the urge to call a friend or watch something online. Thus, you will finish the paper faster, and will not feel guilty for engaging in other activities afterwards.

Do not forget to go through the essay a few times after the completion. Everyone makes typos and mistakes by accident, but it is about you to find and fix them before your teacher does. If you need help with an essay editing, try asking a friend or a family member to read and analyze your work. Also, you can order editing services in case your paper needs to be perfectly polished so that you can submit an ideal essay and get an excellent grade.

As these steps are simple to follow, you will not have any problems coping with an essay on time. Try the whole procedure at least once, and you will not have to use any other tips preparing an essay paper during your studies!

What happens mitotic catastrophe?

Mitotic catastrophe would be a type of cell death occurring during mitosis, as a result of DNA damage or deranged spindle formation coupled to the debilitation of different checkpoint mechanisms that would normally arrest progression into mitosis and hence suppress catastrophic events until repair has been achieved.

What causes mitotic catastrophe?

In DDR, mitotic catastrophe is induced when chromatin condensation and spindle assembly occur on incompletely replicated DNA to cause chromosome fragmentation. This event occurs as a result of failures to activate or to maintain the G2/M and/or the spindle checkpoints in cells suffering from DNA damage.

Does mitosis cause apoptosis?

In addition to metaphase arrest-induced apoptosis, tetraploid cells that are generated through catastrophic mitosis followed by mitotic slippage also undergo apoptosis.

What is mitotic crisis?

Mitotic catastrophe refers to a mechanism of delayed mitosis-linked cell death, a sequence of events resulting from premature or inappropriate entry of cells into mitosis that can be caused by chemical or physical stresses.

Why must mitosis and apoptosis be in balance?

Life in Balance As apoptosis destroys unwanted cells, mitosis (cell division) makes new cells. While they may seem to be at odds, apoptosis and mitosis work together to keep us healthy. For example, our skin and hair cells are renewed via a continuous cycle of apoptosis and mitosis.

How are apoptosis and mitosis related quizlet?

true or false; Like mitosis, apoptosis is a continuous stepwise process. How are apoptosis and mitosis related? They are in balance with each other.

What causes programmed cell death?

There are several reasons: it gets rid of cells that are not needed, in the way or potentially dangerous to the rest of the organism. “Cells that are not needed may never have had a function. In other cases, they may have lost their function, or they may have competed and lost out to other cells.

What causes cellular death?

Necrosis: occurs when a cell dies due to lack of a blood supply, or due to a toxin. The cells’ contents can leak out and damage neighbouring cells, and may also trigger inflammation. Necroptosis: is similar in appearance to necrosis, in that the dying cell’s contents can leak out.

Why do cells undergo Anoikis?

When cells are detached from the ECM, there is a loss of normal cell–matrix interactions, and they may undergo anoikis. However, metastatic tumor cells may escape from anoikis and invade other organs.

What is the mechanism of apoptosis?

apoptosis, also called programmed cell death, in biology, a mechanism that allows cells to self-destruct when stimulated by the appropriate trigger. Apoptosis can be triggered by mild cellular injury and by various factors internal or external to the cell; the damaged cells are then disposed of in an orderly fashion.

What are the four main stages of apoptosis?

To illustrate these apoptosis events and how to detect them, Bio-Rad has created a pathway which divides apoptosis into four stages: induction, early phase, mid phase and late phase (Figure 1).

How are apoptosis and mitosis relates?

As apoptosis destroys unwanted cells, mitosis (cell division) makes new cells. While they may seem to be at odds, apoptosis and mitosis work together to keep us healthy. For example, our skin and hair cells are renewed via a continuous cycle of apoptosis and mitosis.

Does mitotic catastrophe indicate apoptosis?

Mitotic catastrophe demonstrates signs of apoptosis. HeLa cell syncytia generated in the presence of a chemical Chk2 inhibitor, debromohymenialdesine, undergo apoptosis during the metaphase of the cell cycle.

How is mitotic catastrophe induced in the cell cycle?

The data discussed in this review suggest under which conditions mitotic catastrophe is induced. After failure to activate the G2/M checkpoint (s), cells with DNA lesions (or incomplete DNA replication) activate an apoptotic program that leads to the phenotypic manifestation of mitotic catastrophe, during the metaphase of the cell cycle.

How do mitosis incompetent cells escape mitosis?

However, in some instances, mitosis-incompetent cells can escape the mitotic arrest, either by ‘slipping’ into the next interphase (step 2) or by undergoing one round of aberrant mitosis (step 3 ). Often, this division cannot be completed and cytokinesis fails (step 4 ).

Why are tumour cells so sensitive to mitotic catastrophe?

First, a considerable fraction of tumour cells are tetraploid or aneuploid, which renders them intrinsically more prone to mitotic aberrations and hence particularly sensitive to the induction of mitotic catastrophe.