What is a gem face called?

facet, flat, polished surface on a cut gemstone, usually with three or four sides.

How many faces does a gem have?

According to Diamond Cutter’s International’s foremost diamond expert, Fred Cuellar (aka “The Diamond Guy”), round brilliant, marquise, oval, cushion, heart, pear and emerald shaped diamonds all feature 58 facets.

What is gemstone faceting?

Faceting is a grinding and polishing process (commonly called “cutting”) that creates a beautifully finished gemstone suitable for jewelry. In addition to heat treating and faceting over 12,000 sapphires per year, we can facet your other precious and semi-precious gems.

What is a cabochon stone?

A cabochon gemstone features a polished domed surface in contrast to a faceted cut. Rather than sparkle, Cabochons captivate by enhancing colour, reflection or translucence over a domed surface. The dictionary definition describes a precious stone of convex hemispherical or oval form polished but not cut into facets.

What do gemstone shapes mean?

The shape and structure of a gemstone determines the way energy is received, perceived, transformed, and released. A good explain of this is the sound of your “VOICE.” We breathe in air, transform it, and release it.

What is a Portuguese cut?

Portuguese cut gems feature faceting technique where the gem is cut with two rows of rhomboidal and three rows of triangular facets above and below the girdle (the girdle is the line that divides the top or crown of the stone from the bottom or pavilion).

What shape is a gem?

All standard shapes are represented within gemstones – round, square, rectangle, oval, etc. – and how firmly they stay affixed to these shapes will vary as they are cut. As with all elements of a gemstone, there are many options when considering a cut, and here we break down the most common for an easy guide.

Is gem faceting hard?

Mastering Gemstone Faceting There are several steps to put 57 facets on a gem, but none of them are difficult. Cutting your first round brilliant is really the hardest step, since you have to learn all the new controls and procedures. At first, you’ll need six to eight hours.

How much does it cost to facet a gemstone?

Stones and Custom Cutting for Jewelry Montana Faceting charges are based upon the finished weight of the cut gemstone. A standard 57 facet round brilliant costs $99 per carat ($99 minimum). Fancy cuts cost $129 per carat ($129 minimum), plus $1 per facet.

Are cabochon stones valuable?

Cabochons are for jewelry making, but can be used in other crafts too. The shape may be symmetrical, calibrated or freeform. Some people refer to these as “semi-precious stone” cabochons, but that is a misnomer as some of these materials are rarer and more valuable than diamonds and rubies!

What do you do with cabochons?

Use any number of described techniques to incorporate cabochons as eye-catching additions to accessories, clothing, costumes or home décor. Make a large cabochon the center of beading on a purse, add cabochon accents to belts and headwear or decorate clothing with the shine of polished cabs.

Which gemstone shape is best?

What gemstone shape is best for you or your loved one?

  • Round Brilliant Cut = Classic & Elegant.
  • Emerald = Glamorous & Art Deco.
  • Princess = Refined & Sparkly.
  • Asscher = Vintage & Glamourous.
  • Cushion = The Romantic & Whimsical.
  • Oval = Innovative & Creative.
  • Marquise = Dramatic & Striking.
  • Pear = Unique & Feminine.

What is a faceted gem?

For faceted gems, this means the area above the girdle. Usually, you’ll see this area when viewing the “face” of a gem set in jewelry. The bottom of a faceted gem, the area below the girdle, is called the pavilion. The largest facets are called mains. (Some gems have larger table facets). There are both pavilion mains and crown mains.

Why do faceted gems have culet?

This enhances both brilliance, the amount of light a gem returns, and dispersion, the colorful “fires” that seem to emanate from within. The point at the bottom of the pavilion is called a culet. Some gems have tiny, flat culets instead of points. This helps prevent chipping. Some faceted gems have neither a pointed nor flat culet.

What is the largest facet of a gemstone called?

The largest facets are called mains. (Some gems have larger table facets). There are both pavilion mains and crown mains. Smoky Quartz, 22 cts, Audrey Lynn Mine, Cahuilla Mtn., Riverside County, California, USA.

What is the girdle of a gem?

The widest part of the gem, the girdle defines its outline. When viewed from the side, however, the girdle is usually fairly thin. Faceters cut girdles to help set the stone in jewelry.