What is Northwest Coast Native American art?

Northwest Coast art is the term commonly applied to a style of art created primarily by artists from Tlingit, Haida, Heiltsuk, Nuxalk, Tsimshian, Kwakwaka’wakw, Nuu-chah-nulth and other First Nations and Native American tribes of the Northwest Coast of North America, from pre-European-contact times up to the present.

Where is the northwest coast located?

Historically, the Northwest Coast people inhabited a narrow belt of North American Pacific coastland and offshore islands from the southern border of Alaska to northwestern California. Their world stretched from Yakutat Bay, in the northeastern Gulf of Alaska, south to Cape Mendocino, in present-day California.

What tribes were in the Northwest Coast?

The Northwest Coast was densely populated when Europeans first made landfall in the 1700s. It was home to peoples speaking Athabaskan, Tshimshianic, Salishan, and other languages. Well-known tribes included the Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, Kwakiutl, Bella Coola, Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka), Coast Salish, and Chinook.

What was carved on the totem pole?

The significance of the real or mythological animal carved on a totem pole is its identification with the lineage of the head of the household. The animal is displayed as a type of family crest, much as an Englishman might have a lion on his crest, or a rancher a bull on his brand.

What was the most powerful Native American group in the Northeast?

The most elaborate and powerful political organization in the Northeast was that of the Iroquois Confederacy. A loose coalition of tribes, it originally comprised the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca.

What is the richest tribe in Washington?

Most Read Local Stories. Of the $94 million in stimulus grants, contracts and loans awarded to Washington’s 29 Indian tribes so far, $51 million has gone to five tribes, all among the state’s wealthiest. Two South Sound tribes, the Nisqually and the Puyallup, are among the big winners. As of Sept.

Who is a famous Native American artist?

1. Jaune Quick-to-See Smith. Born in Montana’s Confederated Salish and Kootenai Nation reservation, Jaune Quick-to-See Smith is celebrated as the most influential Native American artist from the modern era.