In some occasions, you will have to write an essay in the extremely short amount of time on the exam in college or high school. Also, you may be a little bit of a procrastinator, and find yourself in a situation when the paper is due tomorrow morning, and you have not even chosen the topic yet. Even though a last-minute essay cannot look as great as a work prepared successively and carefully within the whole time given, you still have a chance to submit a decent paper. The working process will require your full attention and a lot of effort, even if you are assigned a simple essay. However, if you learn the next few tips, the essay writing will seem significantly easier and feasible even when you are short on time.

Firstly, clean up your working space to get started. Make sure you have everything you need on the table, take a pen, a few sticky notes, your laptop, and read through the assignment requirements. In case no prompt is given, search for good essay topics, and pick a few uncommon and interesting ones you will be able to write about. Making a final choice, think which topic is the most relevant to your current studies and will not take too much to research.

Afterwards, look for the most trustworthy sources or the ones you are certainly allowed to use. If you are not sure, access the online library or any free services where you can look for the books and articles for your essay. Use sticky notes to write down the information and put them in front of you to see how much data has been gathered and if you need to continue researching. Reread these notes from time to time and cross out the info you do not find relevant anymore.

When you have the data you need to produce a quality work, it is crucial to think about the structure of the future paper. If you are not sure how to write an essay outline properly, check what your essay type is first. Each type is organized differently, so you need to look up the structure every time you are given an essay homework. You can also search for an example of the essay on your topic, and adhere to its outline. No matter what kind of essay you are going to write, it is important to start with a thesis statement. It should declare what problem you will review in the paper, and which facts or arguments you will use to do it professionally. As these arguments will be discussed in the main part of the essay, outline the body paragraphs and put down a few sentences with the rough description of each paragraph. Think of the way you will engage the reader in the introduction, and which thought will be conclusive for the paper. When the direction of the work is clear from the outline, use it to draft the first version of the essay.

If you are not used to model essay writing, do not worry - your draft should not necessarily look like a masterpiece. It is only the depiction of your thoughts, and as you will have them written down, it will be easier to create a good essay. There is no best way to write an essay, so trust the working methods you usually use. You may like taking short breaks once in a few minutes, or write everything in one sit - just make sure to keep the focus on writing and avoid the urge to call a friend or watch something online. Thus, you will finish the paper faster, and will not feel guilty for engaging in other activities afterwards.

Do not forget to go through the essay a few times after the completion. Everyone makes typos and mistakes by accident, but it is about you to find and fix them before your teacher does. If you need help with an essay editing, try asking a friend or a family member to read and analyze your work. Also, you can order editing services in case your paper needs to be perfectly polished so that you can submit an ideal essay and get an excellent grade.

As these steps are simple to follow, you will not have any problems coping with an essay on time. Try the whole procedure at least once, and you will not have to use any other tips preparing an essay paper during your studies!

What is the working of Francis turbine?

The Francis turbine is a reaction turbine, which means that the working fluid changes pressure as it moves through the turbine, giving up its energy. The turbine is located between the high-pressure water source and the low-pressure water exit, usually at the base of a dam. (From the English Wikipedia.

Can you explain working and construction of Francis turbine with neat sketch?

Francis turbine definition is the combination of impulse turbine and reaction turbine. It is a mixed flow turbine where the water flows radially toward the impeller blades and exits axially….Difference b/w Francis Turbine and Kaplan Turbine.

Francis Turbine Kaplan Turbine
Its efficiency is low. Its efficiency is high.

What are the 5 main components of a Francis turbine?

Main Components of Francis Turbine

  • Spiral Casing. Spiral casing is the inlet medium of water to the turbine.
  • Stay Vanes. Stay vanes and guide vanes guides the water to the runner blades.
  • Guide Vanes.
  • Runner Blades.
  • Draft Tube.

What is Francis reaction turbine?

The Francis turbine is a type of water turbine. It is an inward-flow reaction turbine that combines radial and axial flow concepts. Francis turbines are the most common water turbine in use today, and can achieve over 95% efficiency.

Where are Francis turbines used?

hydroelectric power plants
Operation. Francis turbines are used frequently in hydroelectric power plants. In these plants, high pressure water enters the turbine through the snail-shell casing (the volute). This lowers the pressure as the water curls through the tube, but the speed of the water is maintained.

What are the different characteristics of Francis turbine?

Comparison of Francis turbine and Kaplan turbine

Francis Turbine Kaplan Turbine
Overall efficiency is good Overall efficiency is better than Francis turbine
Requires large area Requires less area
Normal speed of runner:90-1000 Normal speed of runner:70-600
Flow of water is radially and mixed flow type Flow of water is axial

What do you understand by the Francis turbine explain its construction and operation with the help of neat diagram?

In a Francis turbine, runner blades are divided into 2 parts. The lower half is made in the shape of a small bucket so that it uses the impulse action of water to rotate the turbine. The upper part of the blades uses the reaction force of water flowing through it. These two forces together make the runner rotate.

What type of turbine is Francis turbine?

radial inward flowing reaction turbine
∴ Francis turbine is a radial inward flowing reaction turbine.

What is Francis turbine in PDF?

Francis turbine is an inward flow reaction turbine and used for medium heads. The turbine consists of: (1) Scroll casing which is case that contain the guide vanes and the runner. The purpose of the scroll casing is to prevent the eddies and to distribute the water uniformly over the guide vanes.

What type of turbine is Francis?

What is Francis turbine PDF?

What is the efficiency of Francis turbine?

Finally, the optimal scheme of the new Francis turbine was proven to have a high efficiency of 88% and good operation stability through testing of a physical model and can achieve the goal of harvesting renewable energy in the cooling tower.