In some occasions, you will have to write an essay in the extremely short amount of time on the exam in college or high school. Also, you may be a little bit of a procrastinator, and find yourself in a situation when the paper is due tomorrow morning, and you have not even chosen the topic yet. Even though a last-minute essay cannot look as great as a work prepared successively and carefully within the whole time given, you still have a chance to submit a decent paper. The working process will require your full attention and a lot of effort, even if you are assigned a simple essay. However, if you learn the next few tips, the essay writing will seem significantly easier and feasible even when you are short on time.

Firstly, clean up your working space to get started. Make sure you have everything you need on the table, take a pen, a few sticky notes, your laptop, and read through the assignment requirements. In case no prompt is given, search for good essay topics, and pick a few uncommon and interesting ones you will be able to write about. Making a final choice, think which topic is the most relevant to your current studies and will not take too much to research.

Afterwards, look for the most trustworthy sources or the ones you are certainly allowed to use. If you are not sure, access the online library or any free services where you can look for the books and articles for your essay. Use sticky notes to write down the information and put them in front of you to see how much data has been gathered and if you need to continue researching. Reread these notes from time to time and cross out the info you do not find relevant anymore.

When you have the data you need to produce a quality work, it is crucial to think about the structure of the future paper. If you are not sure how to write an essay outline properly, check what your essay type is first. Each type is organized differently, so you need to look up the structure every time you are given an essay homework. You can also search for an example of the essay on your topic, and adhere to its outline. No matter what kind of essay you are going to write, it is important to start with a thesis statement. It should declare what problem you will review in the paper, and which facts or arguments you will use to do it professionally. As these arguments will be discussed in the main part of the essay, outline the body paragraphs and put down a few sentences with the rough description of each paragraph. Think of the way you will engage the reader in the introduction, and which thought will be conclusive for the paper. When the direction of the work is clear from the outline, use it to draft the first version of the essay.

If you are not used to model essay writing, do not worry - your draft should not necessarily look like a masterpiece. It is only the depiction of your thoughts, and as you will have them written down, it will be easier to create a good essay. There is no best way to write an essay, so trust the working methods you usually use. You may like taking short breaks once in a few minutes, or write everything in one sit - just make sure to keep the focus on writing and avoid the urge to call a friend or watch something online. Thus, you will finish the paper faster, and will not feel guilty for engaging in other activities afterwards.

Do not forget to go through the essay a few times after the completion. Everyone makes typos and mistakes by accident, but it is about you to find and fix them before your teacher does. If you need help with an essay editing, try asking a friend or a family member to read and analyze your work. Also, you can order editing services in case your paper needs to be perfectly polished so that you can submit an ideal essay and get an excellent grade.

As these steps are simple to follow, you will not have any problems coping with an essay on time. Try the whole procedure at least once, and you will not have to use any other tips preparing an essay paper during your studies!

What is Helex septal occluder?

The GORE® HELEX® Septal Occluder is an approved medical device indicated for the transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the GORE® HELEX® Septal Occluder in the treatment of ostium secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs).

What is an atrial septal occluder?

The AMPLATZER Septal Occluder (ASO; St. Jude Medical [now Abbott], St. Paul, MN) is a self-expandable, double-disc, occlusion device made of Nitinol mesh, approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2001 for percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD).

What is erosion of the heart?

However, erosion of the device through an atrial wall into the aorta or pericardial space (cardiac erosion) is a rare but serious adverse event that can occur early or late after ASD closure. The absolute risk of erosion after ASO implant has been estimated to range from 0.043% to 0.3%.

Can we survive with an atrial septal defect?

Several patients tolerate large unrepaired defects for 80 years or even longer without serious disability. However, it is assumed that, as a rule, atrial septal defect reduces life expectancy, the average age at death not exceeding 50 years.

What is an Amplatzer device?

An AMPLATZER PFO Occluder is a device specifically designed to stop blood flow through all types of PFO (Figure 3). The device is placed in the PFO during a catheter-based procedure and will remain permanently implanted. The AMPLATZER PFO Occluder is made from a Nitinol wire mesh with shape memory characteristics.

Is ASD life threatening?

In severe cases, ASD can cause life-threatening effects such as chest pain, irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), abnormal heart enlargement, heart fluttering (atrial fibrillation), and heart failure. Surgery may be necessary to prevent serious complications.

Does atrial septal defect require surgery?

Your health care provider will discuss with you when you or your child needs treatment. Many persistent atrial septal defects eventually require surgery. However, closure isn’t recommended if severe pulmonary hypertension is present.

What do you understand by erosion?

Erosion is the geological process in which earthen materials are worn away and transported by natural forces such as wind or water. A similar process, weathering, breaks down or dissolves rock, but does not involve movement.

How do they fix a hole in the heart?

Open-heart surgery. This type of atrial septal defect repair surgery involves an incision through the chest wall to access the heart directly. The surgeons use patches to close the hole. This open-heart repair surgery is the only way to fix primum, sinus venosus and coronary sinus atrial defects.

How serious is an atrial septal defect?

Severe cases of atrial septal defects may lead to life-threatening complications such as chest pain, irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), abnormal enlargement of the heart, a “fluttering” of the heart (atrial fibrillation), and/or heart failure.

How would you treat a patient with an atrial septal defect?

Many cardiologists recommend surgery to repair a medium to large atrial septal defect that’s diagnosed during childhood or adulthood to prevent future complications. For adults and children, atrial septal defect repair surgery involves closing the hole in the heart. This can be done two ways: Catheter-based repair.

What is an occluder for the heart?

Device Description The AMPLATZER PFO Occluder is a self-expandable, double disc device made from a Nitinol wire mesh. The two discs are linked together by a short, connecting waist, allowing free motion of each disc. In order to increase its closing ability, the discs contain thin polyester fabric.

Are atrial septal defect occluder devices associated with delayed erosion?

Objective: To systematically review all cases in the literature of erosion associated with atrial septal defect (ASD) occluder devices. Background: Delayed erosion of the aortic or atrial wall is an infrequent but potentially lethal complication of percutaneous septal defect closure using an ASD device.

Is the Gore HeLEX septal occluder device complicated 9 years after placement?

We describe the case of a partially embolised and fractured Gore Helex Septal Occluder device recognised nearly 9 years after placement requiring surgical explant.

Is cardiac erosion a cogent risk factor for ASO devices?

Conclusion: Cardiac erosion is a rare but serious complication of the ASO device. Erosion events are most often ascribed to device over-sizing or deficient retro-aortic rims; however, both consensus and evidence for a cogent risk factor (s) is lacking.